Allah Declares He Has No Son
In many verses of the Glorious Qur'an Allah the Exalted denied the claim of the Christians that He
has a son.
A delegation from Nagran came to the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh). They began to talk about
their claim about the Trinity, which is that Allah is three in one, the Father, the Son, and the Holy
Spirit, with some disagreement among their sects. That is why Allah affirmed in many verses of
the Qur'an that Jesus is a slave of Allah, whom He molded in the womb of his mother like any
other of His creatures, and that He created him without a father, as He created Adam without a
father or a mother. Almighty Allah had chosen Isa to be one of his messengers to humanity.
The Birth of Mary - Quranic
Allah the Almighty said:
"Allah chose Adam, Noah, the family of Abraham and the family of Imran above the Alamin
(mankind and jinns)(of their times). Offspring, one of theo other, and Allah is All-Hearer,
Remember when the wife of Imran said: "O my Lord! I have vowed to You what (the child that) is
in my womb to be dedicated for Your services (free from all worldly work; to serve Your Place of
worship), so accept this, from me. Verily, You are the All-Hearer, the All Knowing. "
Then when she delivered her (child Mary), she said: "O my Lord! I have delivered a female
child, " and Allah knew better what she delivered, - "and the male is not like the female, and I
have named her Mary, and I seek refuge with You (Allah) for her and for her offspring from
Satan, the outcast. "
Mary's Sustenance - Quranic
So her Lord (Allah) accepted her with goodly acceptance. He made her grow in a good manner
and put her under the care of Zechariah. Every time he entered Al-Mihrab (a praying place or a
private room), he found her supplied with sustenance.
As Allah recounted in the Glorious Quran:
She said: "From Allah. Verily, Allah provides sustenance to whom He wills, without limit. " (Ch
Mary's Family History
Allah declared that He had elected Adam (pbuh) and the elite of his offspring who obey Allah.
Then He specified the family of Abraham (pbuh), which includes the sons of Ishmael (pbuh), and
the family of Imran, the father of Mary.
Muhammad Ibn Ishaaq stated that he was Imran Ibn Bashim, Ibn Amun, Ibn Misha, Ibn Hosqia,
Ibn Ahriq, Ibn Mutham, Ibn Azazia, Ibn Amisa, Ibn Yamish, Ibn Ahrihu, Ibn Yazem, Ibn
Yahfashat, Ibn Eisha, Ibn Iyam, Ibn Rahba am, Ibn David (Dawud).
Mary's Birth - Longer Version
Prophet Zakariyah's (pbuh) wife's sister had a daughter named Hannah. She was married to Imran,
a leader of the Israelites. For many years, the couple remained childless. Whenever Hannah saw
another woman with a child, her longing for a baby increased. Although years had passed, she
never lost hope. She believed that one day Allah would bless her with a child, on whom she would
shower all her motherly love.
She turned to the Lord of the heavens and the earth and pleaded with Him for a child. She would
offer the child in the service of Allah's house, in the temple of Jerusalem. Allah granted her
request. When she learned that she was pregnant, she was the happiest woman alive, and thanked
Allah for His gift. Her overjoyed husband Imran also thanked Allah for His mercy.
However, while she was pregnant her husband passed away. Hannah wept bitterly. Alas, Imran
did not live to see their child for whom they had so longed. She gave birth to a girl, and again
turned to Allah in prayer:
"O my Lord, I have delivered a female child, " and the male is not like the female, and I have
named her Mary, and I seek refuge with You (Allah) for her and her offspring from Satan, the
outcast. " (Ch 3:36 Quran)
Zechariah Becomes Mary's Guardian
Hannah had a big problem in reference to her promise to Allah, for females were not accepted
into the temple, and she was very worried. Her sister's husband Zakariyah, comforted her, saying
that Allah knew best what she had delivered and appreciated fully what she had offered in His
service. She wrapped the baby in a shawl and handed it over to the temple elders. As the baby was
a girl, the question of her guardianship posed a problem for the elders. This was a child of their
late and beloved leader, and everyone was eager to take care of her. Zakariyah said to the elders:
"I am the husband of her maternal aunt and her nearest relation in the temple; therefore, I will be
more mindful of her than all of you."
As it was their custom to draw lots to solve disagreements, they followed this course. Each one
was given a reed to throw into the river. They had agreed that whoever's reed remained afloat
would be granted guardianship of the girl. All the reeds sank to the bottom except Zakariyah's.
With this sign, they all surrendered to the will of Allah and made him the guardian.
Mary's High Status
To ensure that no one had access to Mary, Zakariyah built a separate room for her in the temple.
As she grew up, she spent her time in devotion to Allah. Zakariyah visited her daily to see to her
needs, and so it continued for many years. One day, he was surprised to find fresh fruit, which
was out of season in her room. As he was the only person who could enter her room, he asked her
how the fruit got there. She replied that these provisions were from Allah, as He gives to whom
He wills. Zakariyah understood by this that Allah had raised Mary's status above that of other
Thereafter, Zakariyah spent more time with her, teaching and guiding her. Mary grew to be a
devotee of Allah, glorifying Him day and night.
Mary's High Status - Prophet Muhammad
Ali Ibn Abi Talib narrated that the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) said: "The best of the world's
women is Mary (in her lifetime), and the best of the world's women is Khadija (in her lifetime)."
Abu Musa Al-Ashari also narrated that the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) said: "May among men
attained perfection but among women none attained perfection except Mary the daughter of
Imran, and Asiya the wife of Pharaoh, and the superiority of Aisha to other women is like the
superiority of Tharid (an Arabic dish) to other meals."
Mary Receives News of Jesus
While Mary was praying in her temple, an angel in the form of a man appeared before her. Filled
with terror, she tried to flee, praying:
"Verily! I seek refuge with the Most Beneficent (Allah) from you, if you do fear Allah. "
The angel said: "I am only a Messenger from your Lord, (to announce) to you the gift of a
righteous son. "
She said: "How can I have a son, when no man has touched me, nor am I unchaste? "
He said: "So (it will be), your Lord said: "That is easy for me (Allah): And (We wish) to appoint
him as a sign to mankind and a mercy from Us (Allah), and it is a matter (already) decreed, (by
Allah).'" (Ch 19:18-21 Quran)
The Birth of Jesus
The angel's visit caused Mary great anxiety, which increased as the months went by. How could
she face giving birth to a child without having a husband? Later, she felt life kicking inside her.
With a heavy heart, she left the temple and went to Nazareth, the city in which she had been born
where she settled in a simple farm house to avoid the public.
But fear and anxiety did not leave her. She was from a noble and pious family. Her father had not
been an evil man nor was her mother an impure woman. How could she prevent tongues from
wagging about her honor?
After some months, she could not bear the mental strain any longer. Burdened with a heavy
womb, she left Nazareth, not knowing where to go to be away from this depressing atmosphere.
She had not gone far, when she was overtaken by the pains of childbirth. She saw down against a
dry palm tree, and here she gave birth to a son. Looking at her beautiful baby, she was hurt that
she had brought him into the world without a father. She exclaimed: "I wish I had died before this
happened and had vanished into nothingness!"
Suddenly, she heard a voice nearby: "Grieve not, your Lord has placed a rivulet below, and shake
the trunk of this tree, from which ripe dates will fall. So eat and drink and regain the strength you
have lost; and be of good cheer, for what you see is the power of Allah, Who made the dry palm
tree regain life, in order to provide food for you." For a while she was comforted by Allah's
miracle, for it was a sure sign of her innocence and purity.
Mary Returns to the City with Jesus
Mary decided to return to the city. However, her fears also returned. What was she going to tell
the people? As if sharinhis mother's worry, the baby began to speak: "If you meet any person say:
'I have vowed to fast for The Beneficent and may not speak to any human today.'" With this
miracle, Mary felt at ease.
As she had expected, her arrival in the city with a newborn baby in her arms aroused the curiosity
of the people. They scolded her: "This is a terrible sin that you have committed." She put her
finger to her lips and pointed to the child. They asked: "How can we speak to a newborn baby?"
To their total amazement, the child began to speak clearly: "I am Allah's servant. Allah has given
me the Book, and has made me a prophet, and has blessed me wherever I may be, and has
enjoined on me prayers and alms-giving as long as I live. Allah has made me dutiful towards she
who had borne me. He has not made me arrogant nor unblessed. Peace unto me the day I was
born, the day I die, and the day I shall be raised alive."
Most of the people realized that the baby was unique, for it Allah wills something, He merely says
"Be" and it happens. Of course, there were some who regarded the baby's speech as a strange
trick, but at least Mary could now stay in Nazareth without being harassed.
Mary Receives News of Jesus - Quranic
Allah the Exalted revealed:
"And mention in the Book (the Qur'an, O Muhammad, the story of) Mary, when she withdrew in
seclusion from her family to a place facing east. She placed a screen (to screen herself from
them; then We sent to her Our Ruh (angel Gabriel), and he appeared before her in the form of a
man in all respects.
She said: "Verily! I seek refuge with the Most Beneficent (Allah) from you, if you do fear Allah. "
The angel said: "I am only a Messenger from your Lord, (to announce) to you the gift of a
righteous son. "
She said: "How can I have a son, when no man has touched me, nor am I unchaste? "
He said: "So (it will be), your Lord said: "That is easy for Me (Allah): and (We wish) to appoint
him as a sign to mankind and a mercy from Us (Allah), and it is a matter (already) decreed, (by
Allah).'" (Ch. 19: 16-21)
The Birth of Jesus - Quranic
So she conceived him, and she withdrew with him to a far place (Bethlehem valley, about four to
six miles from Jerusalem). And the pains of childbirth drove her to the trunk of a palm tree. She
said: "Would that I had died before this, and had been forgotten and out of sight!"
Then (the babe "Jesus" or Gabriel) cried unto her from below her, saying: "Grieve not! Your
Lord has provided you a water stream under you; and shake the trunk of palm tree towards you,
it will let fall fresh ripe dates upon you. So eat and drink and be glad, and if you see any human
being, say: 'Verily! I have vowed a fast unto the Most Beneficent (Allah) so I shall not speak to
any human being this day. "' (Ch. 19: 22-26)
Mary and Jesus Return to the City - Quranic
"Then she brought him (the baby) to her people, carrying him. They said: "0 Mary! Indeed you
have brought a thing Fariyya (an unheard mighty thing). sister (the like) of Aaron (not the
brother of Moses, but he was another pious man at the time of Mary)! Your father was not a man
who used to commit adultery, nor was your mother an unchaste woman. "
Then she pointed to him. They said: "How can we talk to one who is a child in the cradle?"
He (Jesus) said: "Verily! I am a slave of Allah. He has given me the Scripture and made me a
Prophet; and He has made me blessed wheresoever I be, and has enjoined me prayer, and Zakat,
as long as I live, and dutiful to my mother, and made me not arrogant, unblest. And Salam
(peace) be upon me the day I was born, and the day I die, and the day I shall be raised alive!"
(Ch. 19:27 - 33)
Allah's Message About Jesus - Quranic
Such is Jesus, son of Mary. (It is) a statement of truth, about which they doubt (or dispute). It
befits not (the Majesty of Allah that He should beget a son (this refers to the slander of
Christians against Allah, by saying that Jesus is the son of Allah). Glorified (and Exalted be He
above all that they associate with Him). When He decrees a thing, He only says to it, "Be!" - and
Jesus said: "And verily Allah is my Lord and your Lord. So worship Him (Alone). That is the
Straight Path. (Allah's Religion of Islamic Monotheism which He did ordain for all of His
Then the sects differed (the Christians about Jesus), so woe unto the disbeliveers (those who gave
false witness saying that Jesus is the son of Allah) from the meeting of a great Day (the Day of
Resurrection, when they will be thrown in the blazing Fire) .
How clearly will they (polytheists and disbeliveers in the Oneness of Allah) see and hear, the
Day when they will appear before Us! But the Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers) today are
in plain error. And warn them (O Muhammad) of the Day of grief and regrets, when the case has
been decided, while now they are in a state of carelessness and they believe not. (Ch 19:34-39 Quran)
Some Stories About Mary's Pregnancy
It was said that Joseph the Carpenter was greatly surprised when he knew the story, so he asked
Mary: "Can a tree come to grow without a seed?" She said: "Yes, the one which Allah created for
the first time." He asked her again: "Is it possible to bear a child without a male partner?" She
said: "Yes, Allah, created Adam without male or female!"
It was also said that, while pregnant, Mary went one day to her aunt, who reported that she felt as
if she was pregnant. Mary in turn, said that she, too, was feeling as if she was pregnant. Then her
aunt said: "I can see what is in my womb prostrating to what is in your womb."
Jesus Upsets the Jews
The Jewish priests felt this child Jesus was dangerous, for they felt that the people would turn
their worship to Allah the Almighty Alone, displacing the existing Jewish tenets. Consequently,
they would lose their authority over the people. Therefore, they kept the miracle of Jesus's speech
in infancy as a secret and accused Mary of a great misdeed.
Jesus's Ability to Debate
As Jesus (pbuh) grew, the signs of prophethood began to increase. He could tell his friends what
kind of supper waited for them at home and what they had hidden and where. When he was
twelve years old, he accompanied his mother to Jerusalem. There he wandered into the temple
and joined a crowd listening to the lecture of the Rabbis (Jewish priests). The audience were all
adults, but he was not afraid to sit with them. After listening intently, he asked questions and
expressed his opinion. The learned rabbis were disturbed by the boy's boldness and puzzled by the
questions he asked, for they were unable to answer him. They tried to silence him, but he ignored
their attempts and continued to express his views. Jesus became so involved in this exchange that
he forgot he as expected back home.
In the meantime, his mother went home, thinking that he might have gone back with relatives or
friends. When she arrived, she discovered that he was not there, so she returned to the city to
look for him. At last she found him in the temple, sitting among the learned, conversing with
them. He appeared to be quite at east, as if he had been doing this all his life. Mary got angry with
him for causing her worry. He tried to assure her that all the arguing and debating with the
learned had made him forgot the time.
Jesus Does Not Observe the Sabbath
Jesus grew up to manhood. It was Sabbath, a day of complete rest: no fire could be lit or
extinguished nor could females plait their hair. Moses (pbuh) had commanded that Saturday be
dedicated to the worship of Allah. However, the wisdom behind the Sabbath and its spirit had
gone, and only the letter remained in the Jews' hearts. Also, they thought that Sabbath was kept in
heaven, and that the People of Israel had been chosen by Allah only to observe the Sabbath.
They made a hundred things unlawful on Saturday even self-defense or calling a doctor to save a
patient who was in bad condition. This is how their life was branded by such hypocrisy. Although
the Pharisees were guardians of the law, they were ready to sell it when their interests were
involved so as to obtain personal gains. There was, for example, a rule which prohibited a journey
of more than one thousand yards on the Sabbath day. What do we expect of the Pharisees in this
case? The day before, they transferred their food and drink from their homes two thousand yards
away and erected a temporary house so that from tthey could travel a further thousand yards on
the Sabbath day.
Jesus was on his way to the temple. Although it was the Sabbath, he reached out his hand to pick
two pieces of fruit to feed a hungry child. This was considered to be a violation of the Sabbath
law. He made a fire for the old women to keep themselves warm from the freezing air. Another
violation. He went to the temple and looked around. There were twenty thousand Jewish priests
registered there who earned their living from the temple. The rooms of he temple were full of them.
Jesus Receives His Prophethood
Jesus observed that the visitors were much fewer than the priests. Yet the temple was full of
sheep and doves which were sold to the people to be offered as sacrifices. Every step in the
temple cost the visitor money. They worshipped nothing but money. In the temple, the Pharisees
and Sadducees acted as if it were a market place, and these two groups always disagreed on
everything. Jesus followed the scene with his eyes and observed that the poor people who could
not afford the price of the sheep or dove were swept away like flies by the Pharisees and
Saducees. Jesus was astonished. Why did the priests burn a lot of offerings inside the temple,
while thousands of poor people were hungry outside it?
On this blessed night, the two noble prophets John (pbuh) and Zakariyah (pbuh) died, killed by
the ruling authority. On the same night, the revelation descended upon Jesus (pbuh). Allah the
Exalted commanded him to begin his call to the children of Israel. To Jesus, the life of ease was
closed, and the page of worship and struggled was opened.
Like an opposing force, the message of Jesus came to denounce the practices of the Pharisees and
to reinforce the Law of Moses. In the face of a materialistic age of luxury and worship of gold,
Jesus called his people to a nobler life by word and deed. This exemplary life was the only way
out of the wretchedness and diseases of his age. Jesus's call, from the beginning, was marked by
its complete uprightness and piety. It appealed to the soul, the inner being, and not be a closed
system of rules laid down by society.
Jesus continued inviting the people to Almighty Allah. His call was based on the principle that
there is no mediation between the Creator and His creatures. However, Jesus was in conflict with
the Jews' superficial interpretation of the Torah. He said that he did not come to abrogate the
Torah, but to complete it by going to the spirit of its substance to arrive at its essence.
He made the Jews understand that the Ten Commandments have more value than they imagined.
For instance, the fifth commandment does not only prohibit physical killing, but all forms of
killing; physical, psychological, or spiritual. And the sixth commandment does not prohibit
adultery only in the sense of unlawful physical contact between a man and a woman, but also
prohibits all forms of unlawful relations or acts that might lead to adultery. The eye commits
adultery when it looks at anything with passion.
Jesus Denounces Materialism
Jesus was therefore in confrontation with the materialistic people. He told them to desist from
hypocrisy, show and false praise. There was no need to hoard wealth in this life. They should not
preoccupy themselves with the goods of this passing world; rather they must preoccupy
themselves with the affairs of the corning world because it would be everlasting.
Jesus told them that caring for this world is a sin, not fit for pious worshippers. The disbeliveers
care for it because they do not know a better way. As for the believers, they know that their
sustenance is with Allah, so they trust in Him and scorn this world.
Jesus continued to invite people to worship the Only Lord, Who is without partner, just as he
invited them to purify the heart and soul.
Jewish Priests Try to Embarrass Jesus
His teaching annoyed the priests, for every word of Jesus was a threat to them and their position,
exposing their misdeeds.
The Roman occupiers had, at first, no intention of being involved in this religious discord of the
Jews because it was an internal affair, and they saw that this dispute would distract the Jews from
the question of the occupation.
However, the priests started to plot against Jesus. They wanted to embarrass him and to prove
that he had come to destroy the Mosaic Law. The Mosaic Law provides that an adulteress be
stoned to death. They brought him a Jewish adulteress and asked Jesus: "Does not the law
stipulate the stoning of the adulteress?" Jesus answered: "Yes." They said: "This woman is an
adulteress." Jesus looked at the woman and then at the priests. He knew that they were more
sinful than she. They agreed that she should be killed according to Mosaic Law, and they
understood that if he was going to apply Mosaic Law, he would be destroying his own rules of
forgiveness and mercy.
Jesus understood their plan. He smiled and assented: "Whoever among you is sinless can stone
her." His voice rose in the middle of the Temple, making a new law on adultery, for the sinless to
judge sin. There was none eligible; no mortal can judge sin, only Allah the Most Merciful.
As Jesus left the temple, the woman followed him. She took out a bottle of perfume from her
garments, knelt before his feet and washed them with perfume and tears, and then dried his feet
with her hair. Jesus turned to the woman and told her to stand up, adding: "O Lord, forgive her
sins." He let the priests understand that those who call people to Almighty Allah are not
executioners. His call was based on mercy for the people, the aim of all divine calls.
Jesus' Brings the Dead to Life
Jesus continued to pray to Allah for mercy on his people and to teach his people to have mercy on
one another and to believe in Allah.
Jesus continued his mission, aided by divine miracles. Some Qur'anic commentators said that
Jesus brought four people back from the dead: a friend of his named Al-Azam, an old woman's
son, and a woman's only daughter. These three had died during his lifetime. When the Jews saw
this they said: "You only resurrect those who have died recently; perhaps they only fainted." They
asked him to bring back to life Sam the Ibn Noah.
When he asked them to show him his grave, the people accompanied him there. Jesus invoked
Allah the Exalted to bring him back to life and behold, Sam the Ibn Noah came out from the grave
gray-haired. Jesus asked: "how did you get gray hair, when there was no aging in your time?" He
answered: "O Spirit of Allah, I thought that the Day of Resurrection had come; from the fear of
that day my hair turned gray."
The Miracles of Jesus - Quranic
Allah the Almighty said:
"Remember when Allah will say (on the Day of Resurrection): "O Jesus, son of Mary! Remember
My Favor to you and to your mother when I supported you with Ruh-ul-Qudus (Gabriel) so that
you spoke to the people in the cradle and in maturity; and when I taught you writing, Al Hikmah
(the power of understanding), the Torah and the Gospel; and when you made out of the clay, as
it were, the figure of a bird, by My Permission, and you breathed into it, and it became a bird by
My Permission, and you healed those born blind, and the lepers by My Permission, and when
you brought forth the dead by My Permission; and when I restrained the Children of Israel from
you (when they resolved to kill you) since you came unto them with clear proofs, and the
disbeliveers among them said: 'This is nothing but evident magic. "'
And when I (Allah) put in their hearts of the disciples (of Jesus) to believe in Me and My
Messenger, they said: "We believe. And bear witness that we are Muslims. " (Ch 5:110-111 Quran)
Jesus' Abilities and the Disciples - Quranic
Almighty Allah also revealed:
"And He Allah will teach him (Jesus) the Book and Al Hikmah (the Sunna, the faultless speech of
the Prophets, wisdom, etc.), (and) the Torah and the Gospel.
And will make him (Jesus) a Messenger to the Children of Israel (saying): "I have come to you
with a sign from your Lord, that I design for you out of clay, as it were, the figure of a bird, and
breathe into it, and it becomes a bird by Allah 's Leave; and I heal him who was born blind, and
the leper, and I bring the dead to life by Allah's leave. And I inform you of what you eat, and
what you store in your houses. Surely, therein is a sign for you, if you believe. And I have come
confirming that which was before me of the Torah, and to make lawful to you part of what was
forbidden to you, and I have come to you with proof from your Lord. So fear Allah and obey me.
Truly! Allah is my Lord and your Lord, so worship Him (Alone). This is the Straight Path. "
Then when Jesus came to know of their disbelief, he said: "Who will be my helpers in Allah's
Cause? " The disciples said: "We are the helpers of Allah; we believe in Allah, and bear witness
that we are Muslims (we submit to Allah). "
Our Lord! We believe in what You have sent down, and we follow the Messenger (Jesus); so
write us down among those who bear witness (to the truth, La ilaha ill Allah - none has the right
to be worshipped but Allah).
And they (disbeliveers) plotted (to kill Jesus), and Allah planned too. And Allah is the Best of the
planners. (Ch 3:48-54 Quran)
Allah Sends the Disciples a Feast
Jesus continued calling people to Almighty Allah and laying down for them what might be called
"the law of the Spirit." Once when standing on a mountain surrounded by his disciples, Jesus saw
that those who believed in him were from among the poor, the wretched, an the downtrodden,
and their number was small. Some of the miracles which Jesus performed had been requested by
his disciples, such as their wish for a "holy table" to be sent down from heaven.
Allah the Exalted said:
"Remember when the disciples said: "O Jesus, son of Mary! Can your Lord send down to us a
table spread (with food) from heaven? " Jesus said: "Fear Allah, if you are indeed believers. "
They said: "We wish to eat thereof and to be stronger in Faith and to know that you have indeed
told us the truth and that we ourselves be its witnesses. "
Jesus, son of Mary, said: "O Allah, our Lord! Send us from heaven a table spread (with food)
that there may be for us - for the first and the last of us - a festival and a sign from You; and
provide us sustenance, for You are the best of sustainers. "Allah said: "I am going to send it
down unto you, but if any of you after that disbelieves, then I will punish him with a torment such
as I have not inflicted on anyone among all the Alamin (mankind and jinn).
And (remember) when Allah will say (on the Day of Resurrection): "O 'Iesa (Jesus), son of
Maryam (Mary)! Did you say unto men: 'Worship me and my mother as two gods besides Allah?'
" He will say: "Glory be to You! It was not for me to say what I had no right (to say). Had I said
such a thing, You would surely have known it. You know what is in my inner— self though I do
not know what is in Yours, truly, You, only You, are the All-Knower of all that is hidden and
unseen." (Ch 5:112-116 Quran)
It was related that Jesus commanded his disciples to fast for thirty days; at the end of it, they
asked Jesus to bring food from heaven to break their fast. Jesus prayed to Allah after his disciples
had doubted Allah's power. The great table cam down between two clouds, one above and one
below, while the people watched. Jesus said: "O Lord, make it a mercy and not a cause of
distress." So it fell between Jesus's hands, covered with a napkin.
Jesus suddenly prostrated and his disciples with him. They sensed a fragrance, which they had
never smelled before. Jesus said: "The one who is the most devout and most righteous may
uncover the table, that we might eat of it to thank Allah for it." They said: "O Spirit of Allah, you
are the most deserving."
Jesus stood up, then performed ablution and prayed before uncovering the table, and behold, there
was a roasted fish. The disciples said: "O Spirit of Allah, is this the food of this world or of
Paradise?" Jesus said to his disciples: "Did not Allah forbid you to ask questions? It is the divine
power of Allah the Almighty Who said: 'Be,' and it was. It is a sign from Almighty Allah warning
of great punishment for unbelieving mortals of the world. This is the kernel of the matter."
It is said that thousands of people partook of it, and yet they never exhausted it. A further miracle
was that the blind and lepers were cured.
Those Worshipping Jesus and Allah's Questions to Jesus
The Day of the Table became one of the holy days for the disciples and followers of Jesus. Later
on, the disciples and followers forgot the real essence of the miracles, and so they worshipped
Jesus as a god.
Almighty Allah asserted:
"And remember when Allah will say (on the Day of Resurrection): "O Jesus, son of Mary! Did
you say unto men: Worship me and my mother as two gods besides Allah?'" He will say: "Glory
be to You! It was not for me to say what I had no right to say. Had I said such a thing, You would
surely have known it. You know what is in my inner self though I do not know what is in Yours,
truly, You, only You, are the All Knower of all that is hidden and unseen. Never did I say to them
aught except what You (Allah) did command me to say: Worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord',
And I was a witness over them while I dwelt amongst them, but when You took me up, You were
the Watcher over them, and You are a Witness to all things. (This is a great admonition and
warning to the Christians of the whole world). If you punish them, they are Your slaves, and if
You forgive them, Verily You, only You are the All Mighty, the All Wise. "
Allah will say: "This is a Day on which the truthful will profit from their truth: theirs are
Gardens under which rivers flow (in Paradise) - they shall abide therein forever. Allah is pleased
with them and they with Him. That is the great success (Paradise). To Allah belongs the
dominion of the heavens and the earth and all that is therein, and He is Able to do all things. "
(Ch 5:116-120 Quran)
The Jews Plot to Kill Jesus
Jesus went on his mission until vice knew that its throne was threatening to fall. So the forces of
evil accused him of magic, infringement of the Mosaic Law, allegiance with the devil; and when
they saw that the poor people followed him, they began to scheme against him.
The Sanhedrin, the highest judicial and ecclesiastical council of the Jews, began to meet to plot
against Jesus. The plan took a new turn. When the Jews failed to stop Jesus' s call, they decided to
kill him. The chief priests held secret meetings to agree on the best way of getting rid of Jesus.
While they were in such a meeting, one of the twelve apostles of Jesus, Judas Iscariot, went to
them and asked: "What will you give me if I deliver him to you?" Judas bargained with them until
they agreed to give him thirty pieces of silver known as shekels. The plot was laid for the capture
and murder of Jesus.
It was said that the high priest of the Jews tore his garment at the meeting, claiming that Jesus had
denied Judaism. The tearing of clothes at that time was a sign of disgust.
The Torture of Jesus
The priests had no authority to pass the death sentence at that time, so they convinced the Roman
governor that Jesus was plotting against the security of the Roman Empire and urged him to take
immediate action against him. The governor ordered thaJesus be arrested.
According to the Book of Matthew, Jesus was arrested and the council of the high priests passed
the death sentence upon him. Then, they began insulting him, spitting on his face and kicking him.
It was the Roman custom for the condemned to be flogged before they were executed. So Pilate,
the Roman governor, ordered that Jesus be flogged. The Mosaic Law stipulates forty lashes, but
the Roman had no limit, and they were brutal lashes. After that, Jesus was handed to the soldiers
for crucifixion. They took off his clothes, and kept them. They put a crown of thorns on his head
to mock him. According to custom he carried his cross on his back to increase his suffering.
Jesus's Crucifixion - Bible Version
Finally, they reached a place called Golgotha, meaning the Place of Skulls, outside the walls of
Jerusalem. Instead of giving him a cup of wine diluted with scent to help lessen the pain on the
cross, the soldiers gave Jesus a cup of vinegar diluted with gall. Then they crucified him and, as a
further mockery, two thieves with him. So it is written in the Bible.
Jesus's Crucifixion - Quranic
But the faith of Islam came with views quite different from that of the extend gospels with regards
to both the end of Jesus and his nature.
The Glorious Qur'an affirms that Allah the Exalted did not permit the people of Israel to kill Jesus
or crucify him. What happened was that Allah saved him from his enemies and raised him to
heaven. They never killed Jesus, they killed someone else.
Allah the Almighty declared:
"And because of their saying (in boast), "We killed Messiah Jesus, son of Mary, the Messenger
of Allah, " but they killed him not, nor crucified him, but the resemblance of Jesus was put over
another man (and they killed that man) and those who differ therein are full of doubts. They
have no certain knowledge, they follow nothing but conjecture. For surely; they killed him not
(Jesus, son of Mary): But Allah raised him (Jesus) up (with his body and soul) unto Himself (and
he is in the heavens). And Allah is Ever All Powerful, All Wise.
And there is none of the people of the Scripture (Jews & Christians), but must believe in him
(Jesus, son of Mary, as only a Messenger of Allah, and a human beingO, before his (Jesus or a
Jew's or a Christian's ) death (at the time of the appearance of the angel of death). And on the
Day of Resurrection, he (Jesus) will be a witness against them. ( Ch 4:157-159 Quran)
Almighty Allah also revealed:
"And remember when Allah said: "O Jesus! I will take you and raise you to Myself and clear you
(of the forged statement that Jesus is Allah's son) of those who disbelieve, and I will make those
who follow you (Monotheists, who worship none but Allah ) superior to those who disbelieve (in
the Oneness of Allah, or disbelieve in some of His Messengers, e.g. Muhammad, Jesus, Moses,
etc., or in His Holy Books, e.g. the Torah, the Gospel, the Qur'an) till the Day of Resurrection.
Then you will return to Me and I will judge between you in the matters in which you used to
dispute. " (Ch 3:55 Quran).
Refutation of the Christians Claim
Allah Disclaims Begetting Anyone - Surah 19, Almighty Allah refuted the claims of the Jews and
the Christians in many verses of the Glorious Qur'an.
And they say: "The Most Beneficent (Allah) has begotten a son (or offspring or children) (as the
Jews say: Ezra is the son of Allah, and the Christians say that He has begotten a son (Christ),
and the pagan Arabs say that he has begotten daughters (angels, etc.)). "
Indeed you have brought forth (said) a terrible evil thing. Whereby the heavens are almost torn,
and the earth is split asunder, and the mountains fall in ruins, that they ascribe a son (or
offspring or children) to the Most Beneficent (Allah).
But it is not suitable for (the Majesty of ) the Most Beneficent (Allah) that He should beget a son
(or offspring or children). There is non in the heavens and the earth but comes unto the Most
Beneficent (Allah) as a slave. Verily, He knows each one of them, and has counted them a full
counting. And everyone of them will come to Him alone on the Day of Resurrection (without any
helper, or protector or defender). (Ch 19:88-95 Quran)
Allah the Exalted also declared:
"Yet, they join the jinns as partners in worship with Allah, though He has created them (the
jinns), and they attribute falsely without knowledge sons and daughters to Him. Be He Glorified!
And Exalted above (all) that they attribute to Him. He is the Originator of the heavens and the
earth. How can He have children when He has no wife? He created all things and He is the
All-Knower of everything.
Such is Allah, your Lord! La ilaha ilia Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), the
Creator of all things. So worship Him (Alone), and He is the Wakil (Trustee, Disposer of affairs,
Guardian etc.) over all tings.
No vision can grasp Him, but His Grasp is over all vision. He is the Most Subtle and Courteous,
Well-Acquainted with all things. (Ch 6:100-103 Quran)
Almighty Allah commanded:
"O people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians)! Do not exceed the limits in you religion, nor
say of Allah aught but the truth. The Messiah Jesus, son of Mary, was (no more than ) a
Messenger of Allah and His Word, ("Be" - and he was) which He bestowed on Mary and a spirit
(Ruh) created by Him; so believe in Allah and His Messengers. Say not: "Three (trinity)!"
Cease! (It is ) better for you. For Allah is the only One Ilah (God), Glory be to Him (Far Exalted
is He) above having a son. To Him belongs all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth.
And Allah is All Sufficient as a Disposer of affairs.
The Messiah will never be proud to reject to be a slave to Allah, nor the angels who are near (to
Allah). And whosoever rejects His worship and is proud, then He will gather them all together
unto Himself. So, as for those who believed (in the Oneness of Allah - Islamic Monotheism) and
did deeds of righteousness, He will give their (due) rewards, and more out of His Bounty. But as
for those who refuse His worship and were proud, He will punish them with a painful torment.
And they will not find for themselves besides Allah any protector or helper. (Ch 4:171-173
Allah Disclaims Ezra as a Son
Almighty Allah also declared:
And the Jews say: Ezra is the son of Allah, and the Christians say: Messiah is the son of Allah.
That is a saying from their mouths. They imitate the saying of the disbeliveers of old. Allah's
Curse be on them, how they are deluded away from the truth!
They (Jews and Christians) took their rabbis and their monks to be their lords besides Allah, (by
obeying them in things which they made lawful or unlawful according to their own desires
without being ordered by Allah) and (they also took as their lord) Messiah, son of Mary , while
they (Jews and Christians) were commanded (in the Torah and the Gospel) to worship none but
One Ilah (God- Allah) La ilaha ilia Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He). Praise
and glory be to Him, (far above is He) from having the partners they associate (with Him). (Ch
Allah Disclaims Begetting Anyone
Allah the Almighty also revealed:
"Now ask them ( Muhammad) : 'Are there (only) daughters for your Lord and sons for them ? "
Or did We create the angels females while they were witnesses?
Verily, it is of their falsehood that they (Quraish pagans) say: "Allah has begotten off-spring or
children (angels are the daughters of Allah)" And, verily, they are liars!
Has He (then) chosen daughters rather than sons? What is the matter with you? How do you
decide? Will you not then remember? Or is there for you a plain authority? Then bring your
Book if you are truthful!
And they have invented a kinship between Him and the jinns, but the jinn know well that they
have indeed to appear (before Him) (i.e. they will be brought for accounts).
Glorified be Allah! (He is free) from what they attribute unto Him! Except the slaves of Allah,
whom He chooses (for His Mercy i.e. true believers of Islamic Monotheism who do not attribute
false things unto Allah). (Ch 37:149-160 Quran)
And Almighty Allah declared:
"Surely, in disbelief are they who say that Allah is the Messiah, son of Mary. Say (O
Muhammad): "Who then has the least power against Allah, if He were destroy the Messiah, son
of Mary, his mother, and all those who are on the earth together?" And to Allah belongs the
dominion of the heavens and the earth, and all that is between them. He creates what He wills.
And Allah is Able to do all things.
And (both) the Jews and Christians say; "We are the children of Allah and His loved ones. " Say:
"Why then does He punish you for your sins ? " Nay, you are but human beings, of those He has
created, He forgive whom He wills and He punishes whom He wills. And to Allah belongs the
dominion of the heavens and the earth and all that is between them, and to Him is the return of
O people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians)! Now has come to you Our Messenger
(Muhammad) making (things) clear unto you, after a break in (the series of ) Messengers, lest
you say: "there came unto us no bringer of glad tidings and no warner. " But now has come unto
you a bringer of glad tidings and a warner. And Allah is Able to do all things. (Ch 5:17-19
Allah the Exalted warned: Surely they have disbelieved who say: "Allah is the Messiah (Jesus),
son of Mary." But the Messiah (Jesus) said: "O Children of Israel! Worship Allah, my Lord and
your Lord." Verily, whosoever sets up partners in worship with Allah, then Allah has forbidden
Paradise for him, and the Fire will be his abode. And for the Zalimun (polytheists, and
wrong-doers) there are no helpers.
Surely, disbeliveers are those who said: "Allah is the third of the three (in a Trinity)." But there is
no Ilah (god) (none who has the right to be worshipped) but One Ilah (God- Allah). And if they
cease not from what they say, verily, a painful torment will befall the disbeliveers among them.
Will they not repent to Allah and ask His Forgiveness? For Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
The Messiah (Jesus), son of Mary, was no more than a Messenger; many were the Messengers
that passed away before him. His mother (Mary) was a Siddiqah (she believed in the Words of
Allah, and His Books. They both used to eat food, as any other human being, while Allah does
not eat). Look how We made the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.)
clear to them, yet look how they are deluded away from the truth. (Ch 5:72-75 Quran)
And Almighty Allah ordered: And say:
"All the praises and thanks be to Allah, Who has not begotten a son (nor an offspring), and Who
has no partner in His Dominion, nor He is low to have a Wali (helper, protector, or supporter).
And magnify Him with all the magnificence, (Allahu-Akbar, Allah is the Most Great). " (Ch
The pagans once asked the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh): "To whom is your Lord related, His
original ancestors and His various branches of descendants?" It is also reported that the Jews said:
"We worship Ezra, the Son of Allah," and the Christians said: "Jesus is the Son of Allah," and the
Magians said: "We worship the sun and the moon," an the Pagans said: "We worship idols."
In response to all of them Allah revealed some of His attributes: Unity, Uniqueness, and other
Say: (O Muhammad) : "He is Allah, the One. Allah As-Samad (The Self- Sufficient Master,
Whom all creatures need, He neither eats nor drinks). He begets not, nor was He begotten; and
there is none co-equal or comparable unto Him. " (Ch 112:1-4 Quran)